The Importance of Standards
Standards and guidelines explain the what, why, and how of making web content accessible. Web content comprised of text, images, sound, video, and other media includes markup languages or code to define structure, presentation, and alternatives for people with disabilities.
Standards, Guidelines, and Access Performance Criteria
- Standards and Guidelines – as per University Policy 7215 IT Accessibility, websites and web applications must meet Section 508 requirements and WCAG 2.0 AA.
- Access Performance Criteria – a concise list of functional goals that must be achieved for a website or web-based application to be considered accessible.
Individuals with disabilities use a variety of abilities, access techniques, and assistive technologies to utilize web-based information. From a practical standpoint, accessible websites must therefore be compliant with accessibility standards and guidelines, as well as being compatible with adaptive or assistive technologies. From this perspective, the following functional performance criteria can be used to judge whether accessibility is effectively achieved.
All information and functionality presented in a website or web-based applications shall be available in a manner that is:
- Compliant with university supported browsers
- Completely operable with system font sizes and colors set by the user
- Completely operable using a keyboard only
- Completely operable using leading screen magnification software
- Completely operable using leading screen or synthesized speech reading software
- Completely operable using leading speech recognition software
- Completely understandable without sound
- Completely understandable without color
- Clearly and consistently navigable
- Unlikely to trigger photosensitive seizures